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JSON backend

class cork.json_backend.BytesEncoder(skipkeys=False, ensure_ascii=True, check_circular=True, allow_nan=True, sort_keys=False, indent=None, separators=None, encoding='utf-8', default=None)[source]

Bases: json.encoder.JSONEncoder

Constructor for JSONEncoder, with sensible defaults.

If skipkeys is false, then it is a TypeError to attempt encoding of keys that are not str, int, long, float or None. If skipkeys is True, such items are simply skipped.

If ensure_ascii is true (the default), all non-ASCII characters in the output are escaped with uXXXX sequences, and the results are str instances consisting of ASCII characters only. If ensure_ascii is False, a result may be a unicode instance. This usually happens if the input contains unicode strings or the encoding parameter is used.

If check_circular is true, then lists, dicts, and custom encoded objects will be checked for circular references during encoding to prevent an infinite recursion (which would cause an OverflowError). Otherwise, no such check takes place.

If allow_nan is true, then NaN, Infinity, and -Infinity will be encoded as such. This behavior is not JSON specification compliant, but is consistent with most JavaScript based encoders and decoders. Otherwise, it will be a ValueError to encode such floats.

If sort_keys is true, then the output of dictionaries will be sorted by key; this is useful for regression tests to ensure that JSON serializations can be compared on a day-to-day basis.

If indent is a non-negative integer, then JSON array elements and object members will be pretty-printed with that indent level. An indent level of 0 will only insert newlines. None is the most compact representation. Since the default item separator is ‘, ‘, the output might include trailing whitespace when indent is specified. You can use separators=(‘,’, ‘: ‘) to avoid this.

If specified, separators should be a (item_separator, key_separator) tuple. The default is (‘, ‘, ‘: ‘). To get the most compact JSON representation you should specify (‘,’, ‘:’) to eliminate whitespace.

If specified, default is a function that gets called for objects that can’t otherwise be serialized. It should return a JSON encodable version of the object or raise a TypeError.

If encoding is not None, then all input strings will be transformed into unicode using that encoding prior to JSON-encoding. The default is UTF-8.


Return a JSON string representation of a Python data structure.

>>> JSONEncoder().encode({"foo": ["bar", "baz"]})
'{"foo": ["bar", "baz"]}'
item_separator = ', '
iterencode(o, _one_shot=False)

Encode the given object and yield each string representation as available.

For example:

for chunk in JSONEncoder().iterencode(bigobject):
key_separator = ': '
class cork.json_backend.JsonBackend(directory, users_fname='users', roles_fname='roles', pending_reg_fname='register', initialize=False)[source]

Bases: object

JSON file-based storage backend.

Data storage class. Handles JSON files

  • users_fname (str.) – users file name (without .json)
  • roles_fname (str.) – roles file name (without .json)
  • pending_reg_fname (str.) – pending registrations file name (without .json)
  • initialize (bool.) – create empty JSON files (defaults to False)

Save users in a JSON file


Save roles in a JSON file


Save pending registrations in a JSON file